Assessment of the Contextual Interaction Theory to Identify HIV Policy Implementation Barriers in Three Countries in Asia (poster)
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The transformation of policy into programs has long been recognized by researchers and practitioners as fraught with implementation difficulties that are not easily remedied by training and capacity building. Twenty years of research has demonstrated that policy and program implementation involves a multi-layered, multi-actor network of organizations with some role in policy or program implementation. This complexity has challenged the formulation of a simple theoretical framework with which to undertake interventions to improve implementation. The Contextual Interaction Theory 1 (CIT) posits that policy actors' motivation, information needs, and level of collaboration are key variables influencing policy and program implementation. The CIT has predicted a high percentage of policy implementation outcomes in European and USA settings. The CIT has not been used in less developed countries and the key variables may not be valid in countries with very different social, economic, and political contexts. The USAID | Health Policy Initiative, Task Order 1 explored the applicability of using the CIT in Asia to identify and address policy implementation barriers.
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|Country:||China, Indonesia, Vietnam|
|Keywords:||Operational Policy, Policy Implementation, HIV/AIDS, Prevention, MARPs (IDU, SW, MSM), Treatment|