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Gender-Based Violence in Tanzania: An Assessment of Policies, Services, and Promising Interventions

Myra Betron Add to cart
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Gender-based violence (GBV) is a grave reality in the lives of many women in Tanzania. The findings of this report are based on a qualitative gender-based violence assessment conducted in Tanzania in 2005 and a follow-up visit in 2008. The findings indicate that many forms of GBV, including intimate partner violence and rape, are seen as normal and are met with acceptance by both men and women. Women and girls are also frequently blamed for causing or provoking GBV. In part due to blame and shame, women and girls rarely report GBV to authorities or seek other kinds of treatment and support.

On the other hand, at the policy level, there are signs of support to actively address GBV. President Kikwete has publicly stated that GBV should be included as one of the Millennium Development Goals and Tanzania's Poverty Reduction Strategy Paper (PRSP) lists violence against women as one of its indicators of poverty.

Despite these incipient reforms, key informant interviews revealed that the number and quality of services and resources available to survivors of GBV is minimal. While service providers interviewed said that they respond to GBV when presented with a case, there are no protocols for working with survivors. Likewise, little training on proper protocols is available to service providers. Legal aid services run by small NGOs with limited budgets are available in cities throughout the country, but there is a wide gap in health, counseling, and social welfare services for GBV survivors. There are just two known established shelters for GBV survivors in the country, both located in Dar es Salaam.

A handful of promising interventions have been or are being implemented by NGOs. Yet, they are limited in scope and number. This assessment aims to highlight some of the most promising GBV interventions and identify the most important gaps and opportunities for intervention and coordination.

Document Type: Technical Reports: Country
No. of Pages: 43 
Country: Tanzania 
Keywords: Gender, GBV